A Cross-Sectional Assessment of Self-Medication Among University Students of Lahore, Pakistan

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Muhammad Ans, Sameen Abbas, Anosh Sana, Mishal Bajwa, Kalsoom Jehan Khan, Waqas Abdul Aziz, Asima Bibi, Mujahid Hussain
1. University College of Pharmacy, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan; 2. Department of Pharmacy, Quaid-I-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan; 3. Department of Pharmacy, Lords College of Pharmacy, Lahore, Pakistan; 4. Department of Public Health, Health Services Academy, Islamabad, Pakistan; 5. Department of Health Economics, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics (PIDE), Islamabad, Pakistan

American Journal of Health Research (Science Publishing Group) 2023
11 : 1
13-17
10.11648/j.ajhr.20231101.12
English
Muhammad Ans, Sameen Abbas, Anosh Sana, Mishal Bajwa, Kalsoom Jehan Khan, Waqas Abdul Aziz, Asima Bibi, Mujahid Hussain. A Cross-Sectional Assessment of Self-Medication Among University Students of Lahore, Pakistan, American Journal of Health Research. Volume 11, Issue 1, January 2023 , pp. 13-17. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20231101.12. Share Research.
Abstract
Background: Symptoms or ailments that a person is aware of and chooses to treat on their own are referred to as self-medication. The idea of self-medication has been influenced by awareness of individual responsibility for own health and unnecessary professional care for mild illnesses. Self-medication is common practice around the globe. Gradually, it is becoming a form of self-care. Lot of research has been done in the area and the result revealed that the self-medication is more common among the literate people as compared to the illiterate. Trend is rather prominent among the young population who tend to have more knowledge of drugs and their use, have lower risk perception, therefore are more influenced by self-medication. Objective: A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the knowledge about self-medication among engineering, arts & humanities students in Lahore during a period of 7 months (December 2018-June 2019). Methodology: A self-administered questionnaire was designed after the extensive review of previous research and was reviewed by an expert panel of professors & lecturers of clinical pharmacy of Punjab University College of pharmacy. Human ethics committee of Punjab University College of Pharmacy, University of the Punjab approved the study protocol. A total sample of 1000 students were calculated by sample size calculator. All statistical analysis was done by SPSS version 23. Results: A total of 1000 questionnaire were received with overall response rate of 63%. In this study, younger age, male, and unmarried students residing in hostels and those who have access to nearby pharmacy tended to self-medicate more than their peers with significant difference. About 43.4% of respondents followed their doctor's advice, while about 37.2% took their own advice or that of friends, family members, or the media. Conclusion: Self-medication misuse or abuse can be dangerous and endanger lives; if practiced impulsively, it may also be a health issue that requires education and attention from Pakistan's health care authorities. Future research is also required to determine how self-medication affects Lahore and Pakistan's non-medical students' health.
Self-Medication Practice, Medication, Behavioural Response, Knowledge, Lahore, University Students

Background: Symptoms or ailments that a person is aware of and chooses to treat on their own are referred to as self-medication. The idea of self-medication has been influenced by awareness of individual responsibility for own health and unnecessary professional care for mild illnesses. Self-medication is common practice around the globe. Gradually, it is becoming a form of self-care. Lot of research has been done in the area and the result revealed that the self-medication is more common among the literate people as compared to the illiterate. Trend is rather prominent among the young population who tend to have more knowledge of drugs and their use, have lower risk perception, therefore are more influenced by self-medication. Objective: A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the knowledge about self-medication among engineering, arts & humanities students in Lahore during a period of 7 months (December 2018-June 2019). Methodology: A self-administered questionnaire was designed after the extensive review of previous research and was reviewed by an expert panel of professors & lecturers of clinical pharmacy of Punjab University College of pharmacy. Human ethics committee of Punjab University College of Pharmacy, University of the Punjab approved the study protocol. A total sample of 1000 students were calculated by sample size calculator. All statistical analysis was done by SPSS version 23. Results: A total of 1000 questionnaire were received with overall response rate of 63%. In this study, younger age, male, and unmarried students residing in hostels and those who have access to nearby pharmacy tended to self-medicate more than their peers with significant difference. About 43.4% of respondents followed their doctor's advice, while about 37.2% took their own advice or that of friends, family members, or the media. Conclusion: Self-medication misuse or abuse can be dangerous and endanger lives; if practiced impulsively, it may also be a health issue that requires education and attention from Pakistan's health care authorities. Future research is also required to determine how self-medication affects Lahore and Pakistan's non-medical students' health.

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